Learn about specific foot and lower limb conditions, injuries, footwear and orthotic facts on the blog...

The peroneal muscles (peroneus brevis and peroneus longus) lay on the outside of the lower leg; the two peroneal tendons travel side by side behind the outer ankle bone and down into the foot. The main function of the peroneal tendons is to stabilize the foot and ankle. The tendons also act in together to evert your foot (roll it outwards) and also help assist your calf mus...

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis; it affects more Canadians than all others forms of arthritis combined. 1 in 5 Canadians are affected, and these numbers are increasing. OA is a progressive disease and can be described as a result of the bodies failed attempt to repair damaged joint tissue.

Bones come together to form a joint; cartilage at the ends o...

Metatarsalgia is a term used to describe a group of painful condition in the forefoot, typically under the ball of the foot. Metatarsalgia is commonly characterized by pain and inflammation. The metatarsals are the 5-long bones right behind the toes. Each foot has five metatarsal bones that run from the arch of your foot to your toe joints. 

(Typical) Symptoms:

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The most common site of arthritis in the foot is at the base of the big toe, and its incidence is increasing as the population ages. Having mobility in our big toe joint is especially important because it needs to bend with every step we take; a stiff big toe can lead to pain and difficulty walking. Those who repetitively and excessively load the big toe joint may be at a h...

Just like eyeglasses help improve vision, orthotics help to support and restore foot function to reduce and eliminate pain. Orthotics can help treat a wide range of conditions from mild foot pain, to arthritis, to diabetic ulcers and neuropathy.

Pregnancy triggers a wide range of changes in a women's body. 

A common complaint of women during pregnancy is foot pain, along with swelling and increased foot size. 

Women adjust their walking and posture during pregnancy to improve stability; this is done to accommodate a shift in weight distribution. As the baby grows, the rest of mom's body shifts to make room for the gr...

Posterior tibialis tendonitis occurs when the posterior tibialis tendon becomes overloaded and irritated. The posterior tibialis tendon starts in the calf muscle, winds under the inside ankle bone and inserts into the arch of the foot. The posterior tibialis tendon has a few key function: it helps maintain the arch of the foot, it helps invert the ankle (rotate the foot in)...

The patella, or kneecap, sits within with the trochlear groove at the end of the femur; our knee is a hinge joint so it's really only designed to move and bend in a single direction. Several forces act on the kneecap to provide stability and keep your knee tracking properly. But when pain is felt around and underneath the kneecap, and exacerbated with activity often times i...

Often I get asked if orthotics will fit into multiples pairs of footwear and that depends on the orthotic design and the types of shoes you are looking to put them into. To get the full benefit of the orthotic they need to fit properly into your footwear, think of the shoe as the foundation for your orthotic. Often times orthotics can be transferred between similar types of...

Our bodies are pretty good at communicating; calluses are hard areas of skin that often develop in response to pressure or friction. Calluses indicate where we tend to bear our weight. Callus formation is the body's way of protecting the foot's underlying tissue against excessive pressure; a built in defence mechanism. Pressure can be due to an underlying cause such as abno...

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